The major philosophical capacities Nigerian education sets out to address are inevitable. But, in order to make the philosophy of education work harmoniously for Nigeria’s goals, education in Nigeria has to be tailored towards self-realization, right human relations, individual and national efficiency, effective citizenship, national consciousness, national unity as well as towards social, cultural, economic, political, scientific and technological progress (NPE, 2004). To this end, the Nigerian education system is value-laden and aims at the betterment of the citizens in order that they may live a better life and contribute to the advancement of society. The role of education in the attainment of the broadcast philosophy of education.

4 major philosophical capacities Nigerian education sets out to address

1.     Free and Democratic Society

The question that readily comes to mind here is what does a free and democratic society entails? And how can this be achieved through education? A free society is a society where the citizens do not suffer restrains or undue interference. They are at liberty to achieve whatever they want to achieve that the least capable person can attain.

Just like freedom, democracy implies:

1.     That all men possess certain inalienable rights;

2.     That all humans are to be regarded equal in certain respects;

3.     Faith in human intelligence;

4.     Enhancement of individual freedom;

5.     Right to peaceful dissent (Omoteso and Aladejana, 2003)

The needed level of awareness of the citizens of the Nigerian society on the benefits of a free and democratic society as outlined above can be achieved through a virile education system that is guided by rational policy, which the society itself has evolved for its own benefit (Omatsaye, 1992).

2.     Just and Egalitarian Society

The attributes of a just and egalitarian society entails that all persons should be considered of equal importance and their opinions treated equally and seriously (Ocho, 1988). Underneath a just and egalitarian society is the principle of justice and fairness; and the principle of fairness to all is also the principle of equity. The goals of a just and egalitarian society can indeed be pursued through education. Here, education can be used to deliberately inculcate in the learner the spirit of fairness and help to recognize individual differences and needs.

3.     A great and dynamic economy

A dynamic economy is an economy that is capable of enhancing equitable income distribution by:

i)      Eliminating absolute poverty;

ii)      Participation of broadly based group in public matter affecting the citizens;

iii)     A reduction in the level of literacy;

iv)     A greater control and manipulation of the resource endowment of the nation by the internal forces.

The role of education in achieving a great and dynamic economy for Nigeria cannot be underestimated. Skilled manpower of various categories and in their diverse qualities is needed in the various economic sectors to pursue the goals of economic growth and development. It is through the process of education that these skills are developed and used to implement any meaningful economic development plan.

4 Major Philosophical Capacities Nigerian Education Sets Out To Address

4.     A united strong and self-reliant National and a Land full of bright opportunities for all Citizens.

To build a united country entails that education should able to inculcate in every Nigerian the ability contribute to the development or up-liftment of the country; every Nigerian should be his brother’s keeper irrespective of religion, ethnicity or social background; a country that will be strong in defending its territory; a country that defends the rights of her people and upholds the integrity and dignity of its citizens and provide social securities (NTI 2006).

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